Viết theo cấu trúc Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định (Defining relative clauses)

Viết theo cấu trúc Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định (Defining relative clauses)

  For people For things For possession
Subject Who/ that Which/ that Whose
Object Who/ whom/ that Which/ that Whose

 

Ví dụ:

  • Subject relative pronouns: Đại từ quan hệ thay thế cho chủ ngữ của câu

Are you the person who telephoned here an hour ago?

Can you pick up the knife that/which has just fallen off the table?

  • Object relative pronouns: Đại từ quan hệ thay thế cho tân ngữ của câu

That’s the woman (who/that) I met at Tony’s house.

Is this the book (that/which) you were reading last night?

  • Possessive relative pronoun: Đại từ quan hệ thay thế cho tính từ sở hữu (my, your, his, her, our, their)

1. They are the workers. Their jobs are being cut

They are the workers whose jobs are being cut.

2. I couldn’t find the man. I’d taken his case by mistake.

I couldn’t find the man whose case I’d taken by mistake.

Lưu ý:

  • Trong mệnh đề quan hệ mà đại từ thay thế cho tân ngữ thì đại từ quan hệ (who/that/which) thường được lược bỏ.

That’s the woman (who/whom/that) I met at Tony’s house.

Is this the book (which/ that) you were reading last night?

  • Khi sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ, lưu ý bỏ các đại từ he/she/him/her…

Bài tập:

  1. She’s the one. I told you about her.

She’s the one I told you about.
  1. I don’t like the people. They are staying with the Browns

I don’t like the people who are staying with the Browns.
  1. I like books. They make you think about things.

I like books that make you think about things.
  1. I’m looking for the person. I’ve just hit their car.

I’m looking for the person whose car I’ve just hit.
  1. Most of the books are still popular today. I read them as a child.

Most of the books I read as a child are still popular today.
  1. You can buy the pasta from that Italian shop. It has just opened in the high street.

You can buy pasta from that Italian shop that has just opened in the high street.
  1. The woman is coming back to work soon. I’m doing her job.

The woman whose job I’m doing is coming back to work soon.
  1. Is she the new television presenter? Everyone’s talking about her.

Is she the new television presenter everyone’s talking about?
  1. People often have very little money to spend on leisure. They have a lot of leisure time.

People who have a lot of leisure time often have very little money to spend on leisure.
  1. Is Technico the company? Sarah works for them.

Is Technico the company Sarah works for?
  1. This is the job. I’ve always wanted it.

This is the job I’ve always wanted.
  1. The swimming pool is only open to the public in the mornings. I use it.

The swimming pool I use is only open to the public in the mornings.
  1. We’ve just bought a computer package. It teaches you how to play the piano.

We’ve just bought a computer package that teaches you how to play the piano.
  1. My favourite holiday was that one. We spent it in a cottage in the mountains.

My favourite holiday was the one we spent in a cottage in the mountains.
  1. We haven’t seen the friends for ten years. They are coming to visit us this weekend.

We haven’t seen the friends that are coming to visit us this weekend for ten years.