Viết theo cấu trúc Mệnh đề quan hệ – các trường hợp đặc biệt (Relative clauses – special cases)

Viết theo cấu trúc Mệnh đề quan hệ – các trường hợp đặc biệt (Relative clauses – special cases)

  • All, anyone/anything, everyone/everything, the only thing, the best (và các trường hợp so sánh hơn nhất khác) + WHO/ THAT (chỉ người) hoặc + THAT (chỉ vật)

All that happened was that/ which they had a little argument.

All (that/which) I need to do now is to buy my ticket.

Everyone who came to the party really enjoyed it.

Everyone (who/that) I met said they were enjoying themselves.

  • A few, several, some, many, much, most, all, none, either/neither, half, a number, the biggest (và các trường hợp so sánh hơn nhất khác) + OF WHOM/WHICH:

My two cousins, neither of whom I have seen for ten years, are coming to visit next week.

Her old letters, some of which have now been lost, make very interesting reading.

Lưu ý:

  • Sau anything, everything, the only thing + THAT
  • Sau giới từ không dùng THAT

Bài tập:

Rewrite the sentences making the second sentence into a relative clause

  1. You shouldn’t listen to anything. He says it.

You shouldn’t listen to anything (that) he says
  1. It was nice to see all his family. I have met most of them before.

It was nice to see all his family, most of whom I have met before.
  1. The worst thing is that we’ll miss the train. This can happen.

The worst thing that can happen is that we’ll miss the train.
  1. I’ve read both the reports. I agree with neither of them.

I’ve read both the reports, neither of which I agree with.
  1. The only thing is to get some cash out of the bank. I need to do it.

The only thing (that) I need to do is to get some cash out of the bank.
  1. The cleaners have decided to take industrial action. Several of them have complained to me about their low pay.

The cleaners, several of whom have complained to me about their low pay, have decided to take industrial action.
  1. Everything has been a failure. I’ve done it.

Everything (that) I’ve done has been a failure.
  1. I’ve lost any optimism for the future. I once had optimism.

I’ve lost any optimism that I once had for the future.
  1. Members of the committee have decided to call for an investigation. Many of them are themselves suspected of corruption.

Members of the committee, many of whom are themselves suspected of corruption, have decided to call for an investigation.
  1. The only thing is to give her the chance to talk about it. I can do that.

The only thing (that) I can do is to give her the chance to talk about it.
  1. Everyone said that Peter started it. They saw the argument.

Everyone who/that saw the argument said that Peter started it.
  1. Those chocolates were not meant to be for me. I’ve already eaten half of them.

Those chocolates, half of which I’ve already eaten, were not meant to be for me.
  1. The management team are all saying the same thing. I trust none of them.

The management team, none of whom I trust, are all saying the same thing.
  1. The cheapest was about £5, I saw it.

The cheapest (that) I saw was about £5.
  1. Her brothers have set up in business together. The youngest one is a friend of mine.

Her brothers, the youngest of whom is a friend of mine, have set up in business together.