Viết theo cấu trúc câu gián tiếp – Mệnh lệnh và yêu cầu (Reported speech – Orders and requests)

Viết theo cấu trúc câu gián tiếp – Mệnh lệnh và yêu cầu (Reported speech – Orders and requests)

S + TOLD (Orders) + Sb + (NOT) TO V
S + ASKED (Requests) + Sb + (NOT) TO V
 
 

Ví dụ:

1. Close the door.

She told him to close the door.

2. ‘Don’t be late!’

The teacher told the students not to be late.

3. ‘Please don’t leave me!’

He asked us not to leave him.

4. ‘Could you please carry my bag?’ she asked him.

She asked him to carry her bag.

Lưu ý:

  • Thường sử dụng TOLD với mệnh lệnh và ASKED với lời thỉnh cầu.
  • Một số cấu trúc thỉnh cầu:
  • Would you mind + Ving?
  • Could/ can you + V?
  • Will you + V?
  • Please + V

Bài tập:

  1. The manager said to his assistant, ‘Don’t be late for the meeting.’

The manager told his assistant not to be late for the meeting.
  1. ‘Bring us the bill, please,’ the couple asked the waiter.

The couple asked the waiter to bring them the bill.
  1. ‘Open your mouth wide,’ the dentist told me.

The dentist told me to open my mouth wide.
  1. ‘Please turn the music down,’ they asked their neighbour.

They asked the neighbour to turn the music down.
  1. ‘Call me from the airport,’ Peter said to Dee.

Peter told Dee to call him from the airport.
  1. I asked my flatmate, ‘Please go to the supermarket for me.’

I asked my flatmate to go to the supermarket for me.
  1. The mother told her children, ‘Don’t talk to strangers.’

The mother told her children not to talk to strangers.
  1. ‘Please look after our cat,’ they asked Susie.

They asked Susie to look after their cat.
  1. ‘Don’t ever enter this room,’ she said to them.

She told them not to enter that room.
  1. ‘Don’t wait for me,’ I said to him.

I told him not to wait for me.